Tooth Decay Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Learn about the signs of tooth decay and what makes them happen. Find out how bacteria and acid damage cause decay and the best ways to fix it.

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Caries in the mouth, which are also known as cavities, get worse over time. It happens when germs that make acid hurt the hard top layer of teeth, which is called enamel. There are bacteria in the mouth that break down sugars and carbs from food and drinks.

This wears away tooth enamel. This is why food turns into acids that eat away at the enamel. The tooth’s surface eventually gets holes in it because of the acid damage. This lets decay get into the pulp and even the dentin.

If you don’t treat bad tooth decay, it can lead to pain, sickness, and even tooth loss. Also, the medicine could hurt your teeth or force you to get root canals. You should clean and floss your teeth every day, and you should eat and drink less sugary things to keep your teeth healthy.

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Going to the dentist for regular cleanings and checkups can help find and fix tooth damage early on. This keeps little holes from getting worse, which could cause bigger problems with your teeth.

Some people have problems with tooth decay that they can avoid. To keep your smile healthy, you should brush and floss your teeth every day.

Symptoms and Treatment of Tooth Decay

Learn to detect the symptoms of dental decay, which range from sensitivity to discoloration. Look into several treatment options to get a more radiant smile.

Tooth decay is a sign of bad oral hygiene. It can occur when plaque is allowed to build up in your store.

This is when acid is produced, which can erode the tooth structure and gradually cause decay. Plaque is also responsible for various dental problems, such as dental caries, dental abscesses, and gum disease.

The best way to minimize the risk of tooth decay is by visiting the dentist regularly and letting the problem be treated in its early stages.

Your dentist can do x-rays and check-ups to find signs of tooth decay and start the proper treatment.

Symptoms of tooth decay

You may not experience any pain, even if there is gradual tooth decay. This is why most people are unaware of the problem plaguing beneath. And by the time they spot any signs of decay, it’s often too late.

Tooth decay symptoms not to ignore include:

  • Toothache of any continuous nature or occasional variety
  • Sharp pain in the teeth without any reason
  • Tooth sensitivity with hot, cold or sweet foods or items
  • Pain or tenderness when eating or drinking something hot or cold
  • Bad breath of either occasional or persistent nature
  • Spots of either black, brown or grey colour on your teeth
  • Your mouth experiences an unpleasant taste

ReadThe Benefits Of Teeth Whitening

Treatments for tooth decay

The treatment for tooth decay often varies from person to person, depending mainly on the scale and complexity of the damage.

The dentist will start a treatment based on how advanced the decay has reached. In general, the treatment may involve:

When the decay is in the early stage

In such cases, the dentist may apply a fluoride gel, varnish, or paste to the area. The purpose is to let fluoride strengthen the enamel to save the teeth.

This is also done to minimize the dangers of acids causing tooth decay. The dentist may also ask you to reduce sugar in your diet.

ReadHow To Make Teeth White To Smile Brighter

When the decay advances from the early stages

When tooth decay goes past the early stages, a filling or crown is often needed to limit the damage.

In this stage, the dentist will remove the decay, use anaesthesia and then fill the hole using a suitable material. This is how decay is prevented from spreading further.

When the decay spreads to the pulp

The decay is very harmful if treated promptly. It can even spread to the pulp right in the tooth’s centre, where nerves and blood reside.

If that happens, root canal treatment remains the only option to remove the decay and save the tooth structure.

Read6 Best Ways to Lower Dental Care Costs

When the decay is not restorable

There will come a stage where the decay has advanced to a level where your tooth is badly damaged and not restorable.

In such cases, removal becomes the last option for the dentist. In this tooth decay treatment, the replacement is done with a denture, bridge or implant.

Read: Invisalign Benefits and Disadvantages

Shashi Das has been associated with a renowned dental clinic for many years. Now, he pens down the extensive knowledge he gathered working as a dental professional to help and guide people wanting to know more about tooth decay treatment.

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