Tooth decay is a sign of bad oral hygiene. It can occur when plaque is allowed to build-up on your store. This is when acid is produced which can erode the tooth structure and cause decay in a gradual manner. In fact, plaque is also responsible for a variety of dental problems such as a dental caries, dental abscesses and gum disease. The best way to minimize the risk of tooth decay is by visiting the dentist regularly and letting the problem treated in its early stages. Your dentist can do x-rays and check-ups to find signs of tooth decay and start the right treatment.
Symptoms of tooth decay
You may not experience any pain even if there is gradual tooth decay. This is why most people are unaware about the problem festering beneath. And by the time they spot any signs of decay, it’s often too late.
Some of tooth decay symptoms not to ignore include:
- Toothache of any continuous nature or of occasional variety
- Sharp pain in the teeth without any reason
- Tooth sensitivity with hot, cold or sweet foods or items
- Pain or tenderness when eating or drinking something hot or cold
- Bad breath of either occasional or persistent nature
- Spots of either black, brown or grey color on your teeth
- Your mouth experiencing an unpleasant taste
Treatments for tooth decay
The treatment for tooth decay often varies from person to person, depending largely on the scale and complexity of damage. The dentist will start a treatment based on how advanced the decay has reached at. In general, the treatment may involve –
When the decay is in early stage
In such cases, the dentist may apply a fluoride gel, varnish or paste to the area. The purpose is to let fluoride strengthen the enamel to save the teeth. This is also done to minimize dangers of acids in causing tooth decay. Plus, the dentist may also ask to cut down on the level of sugar in your diet.
When the decay advances from early stages
When the tooth decay goes past the early stages, the need is often felt of a filling or crown to limit the damage. In this stage, the dentist will take out the decay, use anesthesia and then fill the hole using a right material. This is how decay is prevented from spreading further.
When the decay spreads to the pulp
The decay is very harmful if not treated timely. It can even spread to the pulp right in the center of the tooth where nerves and blood reside. If that happens, root canal treatment remains the only option to remove the decay and save the tooth structure.
When the decay is not restorable
There will come a stage where the decay has advanced to a level where your tooth is badly damaged and not restorable at all. In such cases, removal becomes the last option for dentist. In this tooth decay treatment, the replacement is done with denture, bridge or implant.
Shashi Das has been associated with a renowned dental clinic since many years and now he pens down his extensive knowledge that he gathered working as a dental professional to help and guide people who want to know more about tooth decay treatment.