What is Gum Disease, Types of Gum Disease? Is it Treatable?

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What is Gum Disease?

This oral health disease is characterized by the swelling or inflammation of the gum line that is caused by different factors such as bacteria. This problem can persist into a more dangerous on that can affect the bones and the surroundings of the teeth.

Is Gum Disease Treatable?

Gum disease is a known oral health problem that affects many people. There are different types of gum diseases and knowing each of them would be important when it comes to treatment.

What are the Types of Gum Disease?

Gum disease comes in many different types. Each of these types affects the gums and are usually caused by different factors. Some of the types of gum disease include:

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#1. Gingivitis

This is the mildest type of gum disease which is characterized by the swelling and redness of gums. Although this happens, there is usually little to no pain when it comes to this ailment. This can easily be reversible and treated with the help of professionals.

#2. Periodontitis

This is known as the more severe case of periodontal illness. It is usually caused by untreated gingivitis. Bacteria that live on the gums cause the severity of this ailment and turns gingivitis into a chronic disease. As it progresses, gum tissues and bones start to deteriorate and are destroyed. This ailment can be classified into: aggressive periodontitis, chronic periodontitis, necrotizing periodontitis disease, and many others.

What are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?

Gum disease is usually diagnosed simply by checking for the symptoms. These symptoms can easily be seen even by the person simply by looking at their gums. These include:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Swollen and tender gums
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Pus around teeth and on gums
  • Overly sensitive teeth
  • Misalignment of teeth
  • Change in fitness of dentures

How can Periodontal or Gum Disease be Treated?

These diseases on the gums can be treated with the help of a professional. If not treated, it may cause severe malformations in the gums and the bones and may even spread further and possibly cause cancer in the mouth. Some of the possible treatments include:

#1. Scaling and Polishing

This is also known as professional teeth cleaning, scaling and polishing can help in removing plaque build-up as well as tartar which is hardened plaque. This can help in keeping the bacteria from thriving and preventing them from causing further effects on your gums.

#2. Root Planing

This method involves deep cleaning of the gums in order to remove bacteria. Sometimes, it is required when the bacteria build-up has gone beyond just your teeth and could possibly end up deteriorating your gums.

#3. Antibiotics

Prescribed antibiotics can help in killing the bacteria on the gums and in the mouth and can also help in relieving the pain caused by the deterioration of the gums.

#4. Quitting Smoking

Smoking can cause negative issues in the body and one such issue is gum disease. Quitting can help in returning the health of the gums and can prevent it from doing further damage.

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